|Stage 1||Stage 2||Stage 3||Stage 4||Stage 5||I-ratings|
A. Charted visual approach procedures
We start with visual approaches (in MVMC) that are charted. CVFPs are established for noise abatement purposes.
B. ILS/LPV approaches
Finally, the famous ILS approach. One I will fly traditionally using classic VOR, the other I will fly by use of GPS (LPV/WAAS).
C. RNAV approaches without glideslope
Opposed to precision approaches, flying non-precision approaches (no LNAV or VNAV signal) is a bit harder. I start with flying RNAV ones, based of either LNAV or VNAV technology.
D. VOR approaches
Next up are VOR approaches. These are essentially the same as LNAV approaches, only now I infer my position from my steam gauge VOR instrument.
E. LOC and localizer-type approaches
These localizer approaches provide precise lateral approach guidance to the runway. I explore different types of localizer approaches, such as LDA, SDF, and more.
F. LOC back course approaches
A bit more difficult than ordinary LOC approaches, the LOC-BC approach requires me to fly the back course of the localizer and thus to 'inversely' fly the radial.
G. NDB approaches
Time to face the might NDB approach and refresh my NDB radial flying practice of some time ago. Exciting.
H. Circling approaches
These maneuvers are needed for some approaches to align the aircraft with a runway for landing when a straight-in landing is not possible or desirable.
I. Sidestep approaches
A sidestep approach is a visual maneuver to land on an adjacent parallel runway. Sometimes, a sidestep is requested/offered to facilitate an easier exit of the runway or taxi route to parking.