Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5 I-ratings

A. Holding patterns at VORs

Controllers or instrument procedures may instruct me to fly a holding near the airport, most times as part of missed approach procedures. I first learn to use VOR to fly one (GPS referenced holdings are flown similarly).

Winds calm

Did my first ever holding pattern :-) This flight is the same flight as my first SID flight. Make sure to download my handy-dandy holding pattern aid at the blog!

B. Holding patterns at Intersections

Next is learning to fly a holding that is based on an intersection.


Learned some valuable lessons for flying holding patterns during this flight ... 

C. Holding patterns at NDBs

Then, the most difficult one, NDB holding procedures.


Except for a NDB reception bug, my holding pattern flying and crosswind correction went pretty good. Exciting!