|Stage 1||Stage 2||Stage 3||Stage 4||Stage 5||I-ratings|
A. Holding patterns with GPS
Controllers or instrument procedures may instruct me to fly a holding near the airport, most times as part of missed approach procedures. I first learn to use GPS to fly one.
B. Holding patterns with VOR
Here I learn to fly a holding using VOR, without the use of GPS.
C. Holding patterns at Intersections
Next is learning to fly a holding that is based on an intersection.
D. Holding patterns with NDB
And the most difficult one, NDB holding procedures.